A bunion is a bony bump at the base of your big toe that forms on the joint. It is formed by pushing your big toe against your next toe, forcing your big toe joint to get bigger and stick out. There may be red and sore skin over the bunion.
Wearing tight, narrow shoes could cause bunions or worsen them. Bunions can also develop as a result of an inherited structural defect, stress on your foot, or a condition such as arthritis. You can also develop smaller bunions on the joint of your little toe.
This deformity is known as valgus. For many people, this is a common issue, and women are more prone to this condition. So, whether it’s sandal season or boot season, you might think it’s time to do something about your big toe’s big bump.
What causes bunions?
A bunion is a structural deformity resulting from numerous biomechanical factors. A bunion can be caused by a high degree of laxity or hypermobility in the foot, as well as different forms of arthritis. They can also be caused by foot injuries, congenital deformities, or because of mild variations in the lengths of the legs.
Bunions usually run in families because the foot’s shape and structure is hereditary. Individuals with low arches, flat feet or loose joints are more likely to get bunions.
Some shoes may also trigger bunions formation. The problem can be exacerbated by high heels or other shoes that are too tight because they squeeze the toes together and force them to the shoe’s front.
Signs and symptoms of a bunion:
- A huge bump on the outside of the base of your big toe
- Experiencing swelling, redness or soreness on your big toe joint
- Corns or calluses
- Persistent pain
- Restricted movement of your big toe
Bay Leaf Tea
- 300 ml of water
- 1 tbsp of ground bay leaves
First, boil the bay leaves, then, transfer the liquid in a thermos and let it cool overnight. Consume this tea in the morning, preferably on an empty stomach. Repeat the treatment three days in a row but make sure to always consume the tea fresh. You can also repeat the whole procedure after one week break. You’ll notice results in less than 10 days.
Bay Leaf Coating
- 5 big bay of crushed leaves
- 100 ml of 96% alcohol
Place the crushed leaves in alcohol and leave them soak for a few days. Then place one tablespoon of baking soda in a bowl with three liters of water. Soak the feet well and wipe them with a towel. Next, apply a coating of the bay leaves and alcohol mixture. Put on socks and go to bed.
When to see a doctor:
Even though bunions often require no medical treatment, see your doctor if you have:
- Persistent big toe or pain in your entire foot
- A large bump on your big toe joint
- Decreased movement of your big toe or your entire foot
- Difficulty standing, walking or putting shoes that fit perfectly because of a bunion
Tips to prevent bunions!
Wear supportive shoes. In fact, most of us walk around in very poor shoes. This tends to be more of a women’s issue. You should wear shoes with a stiff, supportive sole and a functional insert. The insole can balance the foot and prevent structural compensation between the hindfoot and forefoot that can slow down or prevent both bunions as well as hammertoes and other deformities down the road.”
Consult your doctor if you are in pain. When the condition becomes too painful or begins to interfere with wearing shoes or performing your daily activities, see a doctor or a specialist.
Stay active and maintain good health. Stretching and maintaining a healthy weight and lifestyle can also help slow a bunion’s progress over time.
Massage. This can help you relax but also strengthen the feet muscles. By massaging them regularly, you can also help them keep the right shape.
- Roll a regular tennis ball with your feet. You can also buy a special massage ball.
- Press gently with your thumbs upward and back, and start massaging.
- Spread your toes, place your fingers in between them, and pull up and down with your hand.
- Take a single toe in your hand, and pull it upward. Repeat this method for each toe.