In the water, on a mountain trail, or even in your backyard, it’s quite difficult to avoid getting bug bites, even more so in summer. But, even though prevention in this case is not always possible, it’s best to be able to identify the type of bug that bit you.
Insects such as bees, fleas, ants, flies, wasps, mosquitoes and arachnids may bite or sting and usually the initial contact of a bite can be painful. The reaction to the venom can often be followed by an allergic reaction. Most bites and stings trigger nothing but some can be deadly.
Bugs transmit various diseases and there are a lot of different insects out there, so finding out what bit you is quite important. Prevention is the best medicine. You need to know how to recognize and avoid biting and stinging from various animals or insects.
Some insects live off blood from humans and organisms, others insects and pests consume skin cells, and some only bother humans when they’ve been disturbed themselves. The season also matters. Mosquitoes, stinging bees, and wasps tend to come during the summer.
It’s easiest to know how to treat bug bites when you can identify them with the appearance of the bite, the species anatomy, and knowing what pests live in your environment. Use this bug identification guide to learn about the most common bites and stings and identify them.
A hornet causes the area to become red and swollen and blisters may appear as well. The pain is worse than that of a wasp sting. This is because the hornet is bigger in size compared to the wasp and the poison is more toxic.
If the person starts feeling cold in the limbs and the ears and lips go blue, a visit to the doctor is a must.
When a bee stings someone, the sting has to be removed. The skin is usually swollen and red and the pain is sharp. For those who aren’t allergic, the troubles end there. People allergic to bee poison might have breathing problems.
Similar to the bee sting, the area becomes red and swollen and there is pain and itching after it. The thing is, a wasp can sting multiple times.
Swollen red spots with the size of a berry – sounds like a mosquito bite. Mosquitoes carefully choose where they will bite you- they pick the spots where the skin is thin – to get to the blood vessels without any problems. They inject their saliva into the wound when they bite- it contains anticoagulants that make the blood thinner. The skin is red, swollen and itchy.
Ticks cause red spots. What’s tricky about these insects is that they can be in the victim for a long time, drinking blood and growing bigger. One of the worst things about them is that they carry a lot of diseases.
If the insect is removed but the red spot doesn’t go away – see a doctor immediately.
The flea bite can be easily mistaken for a mosquito bite or allergies because the bitten spots look swollen and red. However, the itch these insects cause is much worse and the bites can be very painful.
Fleas usually go for the legs and attack a sleeping person. They transmit serious infections.
Most ants don’t pose any danger to humans. The red fire ant is not one of those. There are pustules on the bitten areas that later turn into scars. Their poison contains toxins, which means the victim might have an allergic reaction.
Clegs drink blood and their bite is quite painful, although they look like big fat flies. At first, a small red spot appears, only to get swollen and start itching afterwards. These insects transmit disease like anthrax and tularemia, but they prefer attacking cattle over people.
Small red dots that look like mosquito bites found in places where hair grows – behind the ears, on the neck and the head – it’s probably head lice or pubic lice. They transmit typhoid and trench-fever.
Their bites look like mosquito or flea bites at first. The skin is swollen, red and itches. However, bed bugs’ bites are close to each other and look like little roads on the skin. Additionally, the bites are more painful than mosquitoes and they hunt at night.